New York
New York  Art at Site Philip Martiny	Doughboy

Philip Martiny

Abingdon Square
This sculpture honors those servicemen from the neighborhood of Greenwich Village who gave their lives while serving in combat during World War I. The dramatic bronze statue on a granite pedestal, dedicated in 1921, is by Philip Martiny (1858–1927), and depicts a foot soldier (known commonly in World War I as a “doughboy”) holding a swirling American flag in battle.
The derivation of the term doughboy remains in question. It was first used by the British in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to describe soldiers and sailors. In the United States the nickname was coined during the Mexican-American War (1846–1848), and was widely popularized during World War I (1914–1918) to refer to infantrymen. After the war, in which Americans saw combat in 1917-18, numerous communities commissioned doughboy statues to honor the local war heroes. The Abingdon Square Doughboy is one of nine such statues erected in New York City’s parks.
Franco-American sculptor Philip Martiny created this memorial that permanently stands in Abingdon Square Park. The statue depicts a soldier commonly known as a doughboy in the time of World War I. It serves as a memorial to all the men who served in the war that were from Greenwich Village.